ECE 3102 Advanced Communication Systems


To the student understand the architecture, protocol stack, specifications and characteristics of WiFi, WiMAX, WPAN, wireless internet, Ad-hoc and sensor networks.


At the end of the course, the student should be able to;

1. Explain the latest technologies in wireless networks especially the architecture, protocol stack and their network specification.

2. Design ad-hoc wireless networks

3. Track trends and emerging technologies in wireless networks.


Wireless Area Networks: WiMAX: BWA - issues and challenges of WiMAX - network architecture - protocol stack of IEEE 802.16 - physical layer, MAC layer schemes - differences between IEEE 802.11 and IEEE 802.16; WLAN: Fundamentals - technical issues - network architecture - protocol stack of IEEE 802.11 - physical layer, MAC layer mechanism; WPAN: Technical issue – system model- protocol stack of IEEE802.15; Bluetooth: Network architecture - operation-protocol stack - specification and application models; Radio Frequency Identification (RFID): Types and specifications.

Wireless Internet: Introduction: Address - mobility - inefficiency of transport layer and application layer protocol, IP for wireless domain; Mobile IP - IPv6 advancements - mobility management - functions - location management - registration and handoffs - wireless security and standards; TCP in Wireless Domain: TCP over wireless - types - traditional - snoop - indirect - mobile - transaction - oriented - impact of mobility.

AD-hoc Network: Ad-hoc Network: Introduction - issues - characteristics - medium access scheme – routing schemes - multicasting - transport layer protocol - pricing scheme - QoS provisioning - self- organization - security - energy management and deployment consideration.

Wireless Sensor Network: Wireless Sensor Network: Issues - design challenges - characteristics and architecture of wireless sensor network - layered and clustered - data dissemination - data gathering – MAC protocols - routing schemes - security - enabling technologies for sensor network and applications - comparisons with MANET - ZIGBEE standard and architecture –WBAN standard and architecture.

Emerging Technologies: UWB Radio Communication: Fundamentals of UWB - major issues - operation of UWB systems - comparisons with other technologies - advantages and disadvantages; Multimode 802.11 - IEEE 802.11a/b/g - software radio based multimode system – meghadoot architecture - 802.11VoIP phone - IEEE 802.11n;

LTE: System architecture – transmission scheme - frame structure - analysis of link and system level performance - LTE FDD vs TDD comparison - LTE advanced- network architecture –frame structure and its characteristics.


1. Lectures,

2. Tutorials,

3. Practical and

4. Group discussions 


1. Liquid Crystal Displays.

2. White boards/black boards

3. Flip charts

4. Communication Laboratory 


1. Continuous Assessment Tests   40%

2. End of Semester Examination   60%



1. Rodriguez J. (2015), Fundamentals of 5G Mobile Networks (1st ed.), West Sussex: Wiley. ISBN-13: 978-1118867525.

2. Beard C. and Stallings W. (2015), Wireless Communication Networks and Systems (1st ed.),  London: Pearson. ISBN-13: 978-0133594171.

3. Sarkar S. K and Basavaraju T.G. (2013), Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks: Principles, Protocols and Applications (2nd ed.). Boca Raton: CRC Press. ISBN-13: 978-1466514461.

4. Dahlman E., Parkvall S. and Skold J. (2016), 4G: LTE-Advanced Pro and The Road to 5G (3rd ed.). London: Academic Press. ISBN-13: 978-0128045756.

Course Journals

1. International Journal of Communication Systems, John Wiley & sons, ISSN: 1099-1131.

2. IEEE Transactions on Communications, IEEE Communications Society, ISSN: 0090-6778.

3. Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Brills, ISSN: 0920-5071.



1. Zhang K. Q. T. (2015). Wireless Communications: Principles, Theory and Methodology (1st ed.). West Sussex: Wiley. ISBN-13: 978-1119978671.

2. Osseiran A., Monserrat J. F. and Marsch P. (2015), 5G Mobile and Wireless Communications Technology (1st ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN-13: 978-1107130098

3. Rehmani M. H. and Pathan A. S. K. (2016). Emerging Communication Technologies Based on Wireless Sensor Networks: Current Research and Future Applications. Boca Raton: CRC Press. ISBN-13: 978-1498724852.

4. Kim H. (2015). Wireless Communications Systems Design (1st ed.). West Sussex: Wiley. ISBN-13: 978-1118610152.

Reference Journals

1. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, IEEE Signal Processing Society, ISSN: 1053-587X. 

2. Journal of Communication and Information Systems (JCIS), Brazilian Telecommunications Society and the IEEE Communications Society, ISSN 1980-6604.

3. Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Ingentaconnect, ISSN 0920-5071.